Symphony is one of the leading musical compositions created for an orchestra in Western classical music since the 18th century. Unlike opera, symphony, that does not include a dramatic performance, formed the basis of orchestral music in the 18th and 19th centuries and paved the way for the establishment of the orchestras, aiming to perform only symphonic compositions. Although symphonies consisted of three movements in the early times, they were composed in four movements as the standard form by composers, later on. Besides, it is possible to compose symphonies consisting of more movements.
Symphony orchestras perform orchestral compositions traditionally such as symphony, concerto and suite that are composed of string instruments, woodwind and brass instruments. The size of a symphony orchestra differs from concert to concert, depending on the usage of the instruments. For instance, there are differences in the type and number of instruments used in the performance of a piece composed at the end of the 18th century and a piece composed at the beginning of the 20th century.
String Instruments: Violin, Viola, Cello, Contrabass
Woodwind Instruments: Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, English Horn, Bassoon
Brass Instruments: Horn, Trumpet, Trombone, Tuba
Percussion Instruments: Timpani, Xylophone, Tubular Bells
Since the concerts of Presidential Symphony Orchestra start at the specified time, it is not possible for the people, who are late to the opening of the concert, to enter the concert hall from the beginning of the first movement to the end of the piece. Therefore; whoever comes after the beginning of the first movement may take his/her place in the concert hall after the end of the first piece.
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As there is no strict dress code for CSO concerts, it is customary to dress formal for gala and premier concerts.